SLATE: student elections, summer conferences, free speech on campus and compulsory R.O.T.C.

Formation of SLATE out of TASC


In the Spring of 1957 a campus political party called Toward An Active Student Community (TASC) was organized by Fritjof Thygeson, Rick White and others. It ran candidates in the student government election.  TASC's candidates ran on a liberal platform, and were defeated by a large margin.

The next semester, Mike Miller, an undergraduate representative on the ASUC Senate, resigned his post and organized a slate of candidates to run on a platform supporting racial equality, free speech on campus , voluntary ROTC (ROTC was mandatory at the time for freshman and sophomore men) and participation in the National Student Association (NSA)  That  election campaign doubled the electorate and the Miller slate received between 35-40% of the vote.  


SLATE and ASUC elections


In February, 1958, encouraged by the votes they had received in the second 1957 election, the Miller candidates, joined by Fritjof Thygeson, Rick White, Peter Franck, Marv Sternberg, and Wilson Carey McWilliams, formally established SLATE, self-described as a campus political party (SLATE was not an acronym, but simply stood for a slate of candidates who ran on a common platform). The university administration approved SLATE as a student organization, but not as a political party.

In the spring of 1959 the first and only SLATE student body president, David Armor, was elected, along with four other representatives, with strong support from graduate students. The university administration quickly responded by announcing that graduate students would no longer be considered members of the Associated Students and thus would be ineligible to vote in the student elections.


SLATE's issues


SLATE continued to contest student elections, raising issues of free speech and academic freedom, as well as the right of students to take positions on such "off-campus" public issues as racial discrimination, capital punishment, civil liberties, war and peace, and farm worker organizing. Over the course of the year, Berkeley Chancellor Clark Kerr developed a set of directives governing the rights of student organizations to sponsor speakers and prohibiting taking stands on "off-campus" issues.  SLATE led the opposition to the Kerr Directives, beginning the movement for free speech on campus that culminated in the victories of the Free Speech Movement (FSM) during 1964 and 1965.


For a brief period, SLATE served as a kind of "think tank" for a variety of students interested in social change, on and off campus.  Its members hosted a number of Summer Conferences in 1960-1963 which offered sessions on free speech, civil rights, nuclear disarmament and the conditions and organizing efforts of farm workers, among others. 


The end of SLATE


With the abolition of the Kerr restrictions on political speech, as won by the broadly popular FSM, the need for a multi-issue student political party waned, as did interest in an increasingly irrelevant student government,  SLATE won five positions on the Board of the Associated Students in the fall 1964 election, but failed to take over the student government when it only elected two representatives in Spring 1965, and lost the campaign for student body president as well. SLATE then attempted to draft a new student government constitution, but the proposed document was voted down in a referendum in April 1966. With many students feeling that student government was a hopeless arena for change, SLATE voted to dissolve itself in October 1966.

SLATE candidates, 196?.  Help me identify them. 

SLATE candidates in ASUC elections.  Help me identify date and candidates.


SLATE - 1962 summer conference picnic in (Tilden Park?)


SLATE - 1962 Summer Conference meeting in Dwinelle Hall classroom. Conn (Ringo) Hallinan in foreground.  Speaker and others unidentified (if you know their names, let me know)


1962 SLATE picnic, Burton White in background, unidentified SLATE member cooking pancakes

SLATE members gathered around the pancake mix kettle


SLATE - 1962 Summer Conference.  Help me identify participants.  I recognize Mike Wilson (white guy, showing side of face)

SLATE - 1962 summer conference. Mike Miller shown speaking to attendees  


SLATE - 1962 summer conference general meeting

SLATE - 1962 summer conference.  Unidentified speaker at general meeting


SLATE - 1962 summer conference, unidentified speaker


SLATE - 1962 summer conference, speakers' podium.  Carl Bloice, second from left


SLATE - 1962 summer conference,  Bancroft and Telegraph sign-ups and written materials for conference attendees

SLATE - late night work session at the 1962 summer conference.  In the "good old days" leaflets and other printed materials were run off on mimeograph machines and collated by hand